Photo Credit: YouTube
OLED has superior color accuracy and contrast than LCD. However, OLED TVs burn-in. Burn-in comes from CRT TVs. The phosphor coating of a CRT TV degrades unevenly over months or years of showing a static image. This causes dark patches on the TV and permanent image retention—a ghostly picture that stays on the TV even when it’s off.
Burn-in affected computer users most. Most computer monitor content, notably taskbars and menus, is static. Screensavers decreased burn-in, saved users from waiting for their monitors to warm up, and showed that a computer was working.
Photo Credit: New Haven Display
Yet, newer LCD screens rarely have image persistence. Since LCD liquid crystals naturally want to rest, this issue usually fixes itself.
OLED technology should improve this. OLEDs are more susceptible to “burn-in” or “image persistence” than LCDs. Image burn-in is a major concern for OLED buyers, especially those using them as computer monitors. Manufacturers are working to eliminate this issue.
Why Do OLED Displays Burn-In?
OLED displays emit light without a backlight. OLEDs. Organic material in OLED display pixels is charged to produce light. This self-emissive architecture improves OLED color accuracy. Pixels may independently dim or turn off to provide a genuine “black” hue, giving OLED displays a far higher contrast ratio than LCD.
Sadly, the organic light-emitting substance in OLED pixels slowly decays and dims. Static content, especially brilliant white content, can accelerate OLED display pixel deterioration, resulting in dull, image-like areas.
OLED displays seldom burn-in from continuous viewing. Cumulative viewing usually causes it. If you watch CNN for a few hours a day, the logo is white, the news anchors are sitting against a dark background, and neither moves much. Hence, the center and corners of your OLED panel may decay faster and may become dull or retain images.
OLED burn-in may not be noticeable if you watch a lot of movies or episodes because OLED TV pixels decay evenly. Burn-in is more likely in people who watch the news, play games, or use an OLED computer monitor because these video sources provide bright, static images.
When does the OLED Burn-In Happen?
This equation includes brightness, on-screen content, and TV firmware. With 5,000 hours of static image display, most experts expect OLED burn-in. The 5,000-hour estimate may be outdated because most photos are not static. Newer OLED screens are less prone to burn-in.
Avoid burn-in-causing content and your OLED TV will last longer
LG OLED TVs last 100,000 hours, or 11 years of continuous watching. The U.S. Department of Energy Efficiency estimates OLED brightness is directly related to pixel deterioration, which is conservative. An OLED panel at maximum brightness lasts 30,000 hours (3.4 years) before “the light intensity falls to 70% of the starting value.”
Photo Credit: LG
Smartphone OLED screens should have a comparable longevity, which is heartening since phones are changed every two to three years.
How to prevent OLED Burn-In?
Early OLED screens were quite burn-in-prone. Few OLED manufacturers have found ways to circumvent this issue. Most OLED displays detect static material and wiggle it or modify its brightness using software, which reduces pixel wear and isn’t visible to the human eye.
After several hours of use, OLED panels may refresh their pixels. The screen can adjust for uneven pixel deterioration, but burn-in is still possible. Scanning and refreshing pixels may fix OLED burn-in, but it dims the display.
You can reduce TV brightness, switch it off, and use standby mode to prevent burn-in. If you don’t follow the news, play games, or use an OLED computer monitor, don’t do this.
LG Display’s OLED panels use white subpixel instead of RGB subpixel for brightness above 300 nits. LG Display claims an RTINGS research proves this decreases burn-in risk. LG Display makes most OLED TV panels, even for competitors.
Samsung, an OLED maker, argues the white subpixel lowers color fidelity. Unfortunately for Samsung, employing the white subpixel also brightens a TV. Since OLED is dimmer than LCD, many customers are ready to accept this exchange.
Photo Credit: CNET
Samsung launched a burn-in awareness campaign for OLED TVs. Instead of OLED, the company sold QLED Televisions. Samsung sells Quantum-Dot OLED Televisions.
QLED displays combine LCD brightness and dependability with OLED picture quality. QLED looks excellent and doesn’t burn-in, while OLED has inky blacks. Hisense and Sony sell QLED TVs, but Samsung makes QLED panels.